The estimates had been based mostly on Nationwide Blindness and Visually Impaired Survey (2019).
The prevalence of blindness in India has come down by round 47 per cent since 2007, in accordance with a authorities survey launched on Thursday, indicating that the nation is near reaching the WHO”s purpose of lowering it to Zero.three per cent of the overall inhabitants by 2020.
In absolute numbers, individuals affected by blindness have decreased from 12 million in 2006-07 to four.eight million in 2019. Additionally, cataract nonetheless stays to be commonest reason for blindness (66.2 per cent) adopted by corneal blindness (7.four computer). Apart from this, the proportion of blindness attributable to problems of cataract surgical procedure (7.2 computer) has additionally elevated, the survey revealed.
Based on the Nationwide Blindness and Visually Impaired Survey (2019) launched by Union Well being Minister Harsh Vardhan, the estimated prevalence of blindness within the nation has come right down to Zero.36 per cent from 1.00 per cent in 2006-2007.
The present survey was performed over a interval between 2015 and 2018 by Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences of the AIIMS in collaboration with the Union Well being ministry in these aged = 50 years inhabitants (93,00Zero) utilizing Fast Evaluation of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) technique in 31 districts of 24 states and Union Territories.
Dr Promila Gupta, Principal Marketing consultant within the Nationwide Programme for Management of Blindness within the Ministry of Well being mentioned this house-to-house survey was designed to generate consultant information for the sampled districts in addition to for India. An extra survey was performed between Zero-49 years age group in January-February 2019 and lined 18,00Zero individuals in 6 districts throughout numerous areas of India.
“The results of both surveys, in 0-49 age group and in = 50 years population, were used to estimate the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in India across all age group,” Dr Gupta mentioned.
“The prevalence of blindness in India has come down by around 47 per cent since the last survey conducted in 2006-2007 and the findings of the current survey are for blindness as defined to be vision of less than 3/60 in the better eye,” Dr Vardhan mentioned including the nation is near reaching the WHO’s purpose of lowering it to Zero.three per cent by 2020. India modified its over four-decade-old definition of blindness in 2017, bringing it consistent with the WHO standards.
Based on the brand new definition, an individual who’s unable to rely fingers from a distance of three metres could be thought of “blind” as in opposition to the sooner stipulation of six metres, which was adopted in 1976. The purpose of revising the definition can be to have the ability to generate information which might be in contrast with international estimates and obtain the WHO purpose of lowering the blindness prevalence in India to Zero.three per cent of the overall inhabitants by 2020, Dr Gupta mentioned.
The survey additionally discovered that the visible impairment has come down by 51.9 per cent to 2.55 per cent as a in comparison with 2010 ranges. The WHO had set the purpose of reducing the prevalence of visible impairment by 25 per cent by 2019 as in comparison with 2010 ranges. In 2010, the prevalence of visible impairment was 5.30 per cent within the Indian inhabitants. “We have achieved this goal by a much greater margin,” Dr Gupta mentioned.
(Apart from the headline, this story has not been edited by HEARALPUBLICIST workers and is revealed from a syndicated feed.)
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