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Pak “Fearful Of Strategic Encirclement By India”: US Congressional Report

Pakistan has performed an lively and destructive function in Afghan affairs for many years, the US report stated.

Washington: 

For many years, Pakistan has performed an lively however destructive function in Afghanistan, a Congressional report has stated, asserting that Islamabad desires a weak authorities in Kabul.

In its newest report on Afghanistan, the impartial and bipartisan Congressional Analysis Service (CRS) recognized Pakistan as a very powerful neighbour of Afghanistan.

Pakistan, it stated, has performed an lively, and by many accounts, a destructive function in Afghan affairs for many years.

“Pakistan’s security services maintain ties to Afghan insurgent groups, most notably the Haqqani Network, a US-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) that has become an official, semiautonomous component of the Taliban,” CRS, which periodically prepares experiences on problems with significance for Congressmen for them to make knowledgeable selections, stated.

Afghan leaders, together with US navy commanders, attribute a lot of the insurgency’s energy and longevity both straight or not directly to Pakistani assist, the report stated, including that President Donald Trump has accused Pakistan of “housing the very terrorists that we are fighting”.

US officers have lengthy recognized terrorist secure havens in Pakistan as a menace to Afghanistan’s safety, although some Pakistani officers dispute the cost, it stated.

“Pakistan may view a weak and destabilised Afghanistan as preferable to a strong, unified Afghan state (particularly one led by an ethnic Pashtun-dominated government in Kabul; Pakistan has a large and restive Pashtun minority),” the CRS stated.

Nevertheless, instability in Afghanistan might rebound to Pakistan’s detriment; Pakistan has struggled with indigenous Islamist militants of its personal, the report added.

Afghanistan-Pakistan relations are additional difficult by the presence of over 1,000,000 Afghan refugees in Pakistan, as effectively a long-running and ethnically tinged dispute over their shared 1,600-mile border.

“Pakistan’s security establishment, fearful of a strategic encirclement by India, apparently continues to view the Afghan Taliban as a relatively friendly and reliable anti-India element in Afghanistan,” the CRS stated.

“India’s diplomatic and commercial presence in Afghanistan – and US rhetorical support for it – exacerbates Pakistani fears of encirclement. Indian interest in Afghanistan stems largely from India’s broader regional rivalry with Pakistan, which impedes Indian efforts to establish stronger and more direct commercial and political relations with central Asia,” the CRS stated in its newest report on Afghanistan.

The CRS stated rebel and terrorist teams have demonstrated appreciable capabilities in 2019, throwing into sharp aid the daunting safety challenges that the Afghan authorities and its US and worldwide companions face. On the identical time, prospects for a negotiated settlement, pushed by direct US-Taliban talks, are unsure in mild of the September 2019 cancellation of these negotiations and the Taliban’s continued refusal to speak to the Afghan authorities, it stated.

The CRS warned potential collapse of the Afghan navy and/or the federal government that instructions it might have vital implications for the US, significantly given the character of negotiated safety preparations.

No matter how doubtless the Taliban could be to achieve full management over all and even a lot of the nation, the breakdown of social order and the fracturing of the nation into fiefdoms managed by paramilitary commanders and their respective militias could also be believable, even possible, the report added.

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